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Table 4 Observability and difficulty scores of the elements on a four-point scale as judged by the raters in this study

From: The reliability and usability of the Anesthesiologists’ Non-Technical Skills (ANTS) system in simulation research

Categories Elements Observabilitya Difficultyb
Rater 1 Rater 2 Rater 1 Rater 2
Task Management Planning and Preparing 3 3 4 3
Prioritizing 4 4 4 4
Providing and Maintaining Standards 4 4 3 4
Identifying and Utilizing Resources 3 4 3 4
Team Working Coordinating Activities with Team 4 4 4 4
Exchanging Information 4 4 4 3
Using Authority and Assertiveness 4 4 4 4
Assessing Capabilities 4 3 4 4
Supporting Others 4 4 4 4
Situation Awareness Gathering Information 4 3 4 3
Recognizing and Understanding 3 3 2 3
Anticipating 3 3 3 3
Decision Making Identifying Options 3 2 2 3
Balancing Risks and Selecting Options 2 2 1 3
Re-evaluating 3 3 2 3
  1. aThe observability of the elements: 1 = poor, 2 = marginal, 3 = satisfactory, 4 = good
  2. bThe difficulty to score the elements: 1 = very difficult, 2 difficult, 3 = average, 4 = easy