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Table 1 Participant background and characteristics

From: The effect of implementing cognitive load theory-based design principles in virtual reality simulation training of surgical skills: a randomized controlled trial

Participant characteristic Control group, mean 95 % CI Intervention group, mean 95 % CI p
Age (years) 22.9 21.3–24.4 25.9 23.5–28.2 0.02*
Sex      
 Male (%) 33 %   25 %   0.73
 Female (%) 67 %   75 %  
Semester 6.1 4.2–8.0 8.8 6.0–11.5 0.08
Average time on a computer/week (hours) 14.3 8.9–19.7 13.2 6.3–20.2 0.78
Self-rated computer skills (1–7, Likert like scale) 4.7 4.0–5.3 4.3 3.2–5.3 0.49
Current gaming frequency (1–5, Likert like scale) 2.3 1.1–3.6 1.7 0.8–2.5 0.33
  1. p values calculated with analysis of variance (ANOVA)
  2. *Significant at the <0.05 level