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Table 2 A collection of possible video clips to be used in NTS Bingo

From: Non-Technical Skills Bingo—a game to facilitate the learning of complex concepts



Examples for suitable video clips

Examples of observations that can be used to illustrate an ANTSdk element

Situation awareness

Gathering information

Showing difficulties in collecting all the necessary information, because of information overload or an unfavourable ratio of signal to noise.

Showing different information channels that can be used and valued differently—for example, relying more on vision than on sound.

Master and Commander: Showing the shadow of the enemy ship in the fog, only a simple telescope to collect the information.

Braveheart: William Wallace collects information about the emotions of the Scots to proceed in the best possible way.

The second largest vessel: The team gets information about an object in the way of their ship.

Recognizing and understanding contexts

Showing that very similar data (sounds) might mean very different things (information) in different contexts.

Misunderstandings between people based on the different understanding of the same information.

The new ambulance: The “same” sound from the defibrillator and the parking support system needs to be interpreted very differently.

The second largest vessel: Interpret a radar signal in very different ways, based on an overall understanding of the situation.

Anticipating and thinking ahead

Any clip that has a surprise in it, any development that does not follow the convention.

Clips that play with the stereotypes, we have as humans.

Master and Commander: The role of intuition and gut feeling, shortly before the first canon is fired.

Magic Disappearance Trick: A very drastic example of what can happen from out of the blue, if there is too much inattention.

Demonstrating self-awareness

Clips that depict some kind of self insight or the lack of it.

Scenes from “Inside Out” depicting inner dialogue that one might have while acting.

Decision making

Identifying options

Clips that depict the challenge of choosing between many options, options that have advantages and disadvantages at the same time or showing the “cost” of deciding in terms of the risk that is necessary to achieve goals.

The new ambulance: Not identifying the correct options when hearing the beeping sound with the second patient.

Braveheart: William Wallace explains the challenges for the Scots to fight the English in terms of short-term and long-term losses and gains.

The second largest vessel: The captain spells out the option of what will happen if the other “ship” is not moving.

Choosing, communicating and implementing decisions

Scenes that depict how decisions are communicated to the others in the team.

Convincing others to support a decision.

Master and Commander: The ship’s crew put pressure on the two young officers to communicate a clear decision—impressively so, by using only non-verbal cues.

Reassessing decisions

Discussions of decisions taken. Review of the anticipated results in the light of the real results.

Landing John Wayne Style: There is little doubt in this scene that one of the characters disagrees with a decision.

Team work

Exchanging information

Clips that show difficulties in exchanging the relevant information between persons involved.

Clips that address challenges in interacting with a device.

Clips, where only a subset of those involved possess the necessary information and do not share it with all involved.

The second largest vessel: It is interesting to analyse the answer by the lighthouse keeper, merely reacting to the sentences of the captain, without exchanging the most important part of the information, namely that he is in the not-moveable lighthouse.

Captain presenting himself clearly stating competence.

The lighthouse keeper does not help in getting a common understanding of the situation.

“Inside Out” shows different mind-sets, different ways of seeing and verbalizing the same situation. The real issue is newer discussed because of automatic reactions.

Assessing competencies

Clips that show a direct or indirect assessment of others and what kind of implications the outcome of the assessment has.

Master and Commander: The crew quietly judges the two young officers discussing how to proceed.

Coordinating activities

Clips that show how persons relate their activities to each other.

The second largest vessel: All involved need to find out, how they can avoid a collision.

Supporting others

Verbal and non-verbal support of people in the group.

The Shirtless Dancing Guy: The lone nut is supported to be a leader by the first follower.


Planning and preparing

Scenes that depict the planning of an event and what can be done in case the plan fails.

Apollo 13: “Flight” leads the discussion of how to get the damaged space capsule home again.

The second largest vessel: The team should have known there would be a light house in the way.


Clips showing conflicting options or options that cannot be implemented at the same time, because of limited resources.

Apollo 13: The team on the ground discusses which electrical system should be prioritized to get the remaining power in the capsule.

The Shirtless Dancing Guy: Some people prioritize the safety of the crowd and to not engage in the role of “first follower”.

Identifying and utilizing resources

Scenes in which people or equipment is used in a useful, maybe unconventional way.

Apollo 13: The team on the ground looks at the material available in the capsule in a new light, identifying how t they can best use these resources that they already have…

Using authority and assertiveness

Scenes that show leaders setting the direction of action.

Scenes that question the decision of others/superior to them or point out an aspect overlooked so far.

Landing John Wayne Style: It might be over the top, but shows the use of authority.

The second largest vessel: Provides a good example, where the personal authority is just not good enough, when meeting with the real world.

Providing and maintaining standards

Clips that show a great skill in doing a task, but where it is questionable, whether the task should have been performed in this way at all.

The new ambulance: The ambulance gets so skilled in what they do that they fail to challenge their automatic responses.

• Master and Commander [38], use first 5 min of the movie

• The second largest vessel [39], search for “lighthouse vs. ship” or “second largest vessel”

• The Magic Disappearance [40]*, search for “making magic in traffic with a smartphone”

• Braveheart [41], search for “Braveheart freedom speech”

• Landing John Wayne Style [42], search for “How John Wayne would have handled the Jet Blue pilot”

• Inside Out [43], search for “inside out dinner scene”

• Apollo 13 [44], search for “Apollo 13, build a filter” or “Apollo 13, Square Peg in a Round Hole”

• The new ambulance [45], search for “Funny ambulance commercial”

  1. ANTSdk categories and ANTSdk elements are taken from Jepsen and colleagues [6]. In the third column, we describe possible clips in overarching terms to help in finding further examples. For the examples in the fourth column, we assume that readers have already seen the video clips