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Table 2 List of identified procedural skills and related results

From: Prioritization in medical school simulation curriculum development using survey tools and desirability function: a pilot experiment

    Section 1 Section 2
Essentialness Autonomy Utility
n. Procedural skills Desirability score Faculty Students Junior doctors Teachers Students Junior doctors
#1 Urinary catheter placement and removal in males and females 0.77 7.6 (2.2) 2.2 (1.7) 2.5 (2.1) 7.8 (2.1) 7.9 (2.0) 7.8 (2.0)
#2 Nasogastric tube insertion and removal 0.75 8.1 (1.4) 2.3 (2.0) 2.7 (2.1) 7.6 (1.9) 7.4 (1.9) 7.1 (2.5)
#3 Superficial abscesses incision and drainage 0.70 7.1 (1.5) 2.3 (1.9) 2.9 (2.4) 7.8 (1.8) 7.4 (2.2) 7.0 (2.6)
#4 Pleural tap 0.69 6.1 (2.2) 1.6 (1.5) 1.9 (1.9) 7.0 (2.1) 7.1 (2.1) 6.5 (2.8)
#5 Lumbar puncture 0.69 5.6 (2.7) 1.3 (1.0) 1.3 (0.9) 7.0 (2.4) 6.9 (2.2) 6.2 (3.0)
#6 Cricothyrotomy 0.68 5.4 (2.6) 1.3 (0.9) 1.1 (0.5) 6.7 (2.8) 6.8 (2.4) 6.8 (2.8)
#7 Paracentesis 0.67 6.6 (2.5) 2.0 (1.9) 2.6 (2.3) 6.7 (2.6) 7.4 (2.0) 6.4 (2.7)
#8 Chest tube insertion and removal 0.65 5.3 (2.4) 1.7 (1.3) 1.8 (1.7) 6.6 (2.6) 7.3 (2.2) 6.9 (2.5)
#9 Nasal and oral intubation 0.65 6.0 (2.7) 2.9 (2.0) 2.4 (1.9) 7.3 (2.5) 7.4 (2.3) 7.2 (2.6)
#10 Continuous simple suture placement and removal 0.63 8.5 (1.0) 3.9 (2.7) 5.1 (3.1) 8.4 (1.5) 8.1 (2.0) 8.4 (1.4)
#11 First degree burn medication 0.63 8.3 (1.0) 2.9 (2.4) 4.8 (3.0) 7.4 (2.1) 7.4 (2.3) 7.0 (2.7)
#12 Ocular swab 0.62 6.7 (2.3) 2.6 (2.4) 3.1 (2.6) 6.5 (2.5) 6.9 (2.5) 5.9 (2.9)
#13 Polytraumatized patient immobilization for transport 0.61 8.6 (0.8) 5.1 (2.4) 4.2 (2.6) 8.5 (1.3) 7.9 (1.9) 7.7 (2.3)
#14 Venturi mask assembly and placement 0.61 7.8 (2.2) 4.2 (2.7) 3.9 (2.9) 7.3 (2.4) 7.4 (2.1) 7.2 (2.4)
#15 Superficial metal clips placement and removal 0.59 7.5 (1.8) 3.5 (2.6) 4.9 (2.9) 7.5 (2.6) 7.2 (2.4) 7.1 (2.4)
#16 Wound dressing placement 0.57 8.6 (0.8) 4.5 (2.4) 5.4 (2.8) 8.0 (1.9) 7.7 (2.3) 7.7 (2.3)
#17 Urethral swab 0.56 6.5 (2.3) 3.2 (2.6) 3.7 (2.9) 6.2 (2.5) 6.9 (2.4) 6.0 (2.8)
#18 Minor surgery surgical kit preparation 0.56 7.7 (1.3) 4.1 (2.4) 5.1 (2.5) 7.6 (2.0) 7.4 (2.2) 7.0 (2.3)
#19 Vaginal swab 0.55 6.7 (2.3) 3.6 (2.8) 4.0 (3.0) 6.6 (2.5) 6.9 (2.4) 6.0 (2.8)
#20 Spirometry 0.55 6.1 (2.1) 3.1 (2.4) 3.1 (2.5) 5.7 (2.6) 6.3 (2.6) 5.7 (2.9)
#21 Cervical collar placement 0.54 7.8 (2.0) 5.4 (2.5) 4.8 (2.7) 7.8 (2.3) 7.9 (1.8) 8.0 (1.8)
#22 Butterfly catheter placement and removal for venous puncture 0.54 8.9 (0.3) 5.3 (2.6) 5.4 (2.6) 8.1 (1.7) 7.7 (2.4) 7.8 (2.2)
#23 Radial artery puncture and blood sample 0.54 8.5 (0.8) 5.1 (2.9) 5.6 (2.5) 8.5 (1.1) 7.8 (2.0) 7.3 (2.3)
#24 Nasal swab 0.53 7.7 (1.6) 4.1 (2.9) 4.9 (3.0) 6.6 (2.4) 6.9 (2.4) 6.1 (2.8)
#25 Gynecologic exam 0.53 5.8 (3.0) 4.5 (2.5) 3.1 (2.7) 6.5 (2.8) 6.9 (2.5) 6.4 (2.6)
#26 Open wounds (cuts, sores, ulcers, and fistulas) cleansing and medication 0.53 8.7 (0.5) 4.7 (2.4) 6.0 (2.6) 7.6 (2.2) 7.7 (2.3) 7.4 (2.5)
#27 Bag valve mask (ambu bag) utilization 0.51 7.7 (2.1) 5.8 (2.7) 4.9 (3.2) 7.8 (2.3) 7.8 (2.1) 7.8 (2.0)
#28 Heimlich maneuver 0.50 8.6 (1.4) 6.0 (2.4) 5.9 (2.3) 8.6 (1.1) 8.3 (1.8) 8.4 (1.6)
#29 Pharingeal swab 0.49 7.6 (1.5) 5.0 (2.8) 5.0 (3.0) 6.8 (2.4) 7.0 (2.4) 6.0 (2.9)
#30 Inguinal canal examination 0.49 8.5 (1.0) 5.7 (2.5) 5.4 (2.9) 7.6 (1.9) 6.8 (2.7) 7.0 (2.6)
#31 Automated external defibrillator (AED) placement and utilization 0.48 8.7 (0.8) 6.1 (2.3) 6.3 (2.5) 8.6 (1.3) 8.4 (1.7) 8.6 (1.3)
#32 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 0.43 8.7 (1.0) 6.6 (2.0) 6.6 (2.3) 8.7 (1.1) 8.5 (1.5) 8.7 (1.1)
#33 Glucometer utilization 0.42 8.7 (0.7) 5.9 (2.7) 6.6 (2.6) 7.4 (2.4) 6.9 (2.8) 6.9 (2.7)
#34 Intramuscular injection 0.40 8.9 (0.3) 6.5 (2.4) 6.8 (2.8) 7.9 (1.9) 7.4 (2.6) 7.4 (2.6)
#35 Subcutaneous injection 0.40 8.9 (0.3) 6.1 (2.5) 7.0 (2.6) 7.7 (2.0) 7.3 (2.7) 7.3 (2.7)
#36 Patient’s urine collection 0.37 8.4 (1.7) 6.5 (2.5) 6.7 (2.5) 6.8 (2.8) 7.0 (2.7) 6.7 (2.8)
#37 Peripheral blood smear 0.34 6.8 (2.5) 6.4 (2.3) 6.4 (2.4) 6.8 (2.6) 6.4 (2.7) 5.5 (2.8)
#38 Electrocardiograph placement and utilization 0.29 8.6 (1.4) 7.5 (1.9) 7.4 (2.2) 8.0 (1.8) 7.1 (2.6) 7.8 (2.3)
#39 Rectal exploration 0.29 8.5 (1.3) 7.4 (2.1) 7.5 (2.0) 7.9 (1.9) 6.9 (2.9) 7.2 (2.5)
#40 Personal protective equipment (PPE) usage 0.25 9.0 (0.2) 7.6 (2.0) 7.9 (1.9) 7.7 (2.4) 7.1 (2.9) 7.4 (2.7)
  Overall mean 7.64 4.42 4.67 7.44 7.34 7.08
  1. NOTE: Essentialness refers to the level of importance of procedural skills which should be performed in an autonomous manner expressed by teachers, Autonomy refers to the level of mastery self-perceived by learners (students and junior doctors), Utility refers to the suitability of simulation training for the given technical skills before the clinical rotation
  2. Desirability score reveals which abilities would be of highest priority to teach during simulation exercises (range from 0 to 1, where 0 is the lowest priority and 1 is the highest priority)