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Table 1 The seven stages of phenomenographic analysis [7]

From: Defining and measuring quality in acute paediatric trauma stabilisation: a phenomenographic study

1. Familiarisation Reading through all interview transcripts in depth to get an impression of how the interview proceeded. All data (viewpoints) in the entire pool are given equal consideration.
2. Condensation Identifying meaning units in the dialogue of each interview and marking or saving these for further scrutiny.
3. Comparison Comparing each of the meaning units for similarities and differences.
4. Grouping Allocating answers expressing similar ways of understanding the phenomenon to the same category.
5. Articulating Capturing the essential meaning of a certain category.
6. Labelling Expressing the core meaning of each of the categories. Steps 3–6 are repeated in an iterative procedure to make sure that the similarities within and differences between categories are established.
7. Contrasting Comparing the categories through a contrastive procedure whereby they are described in terms of their individual meanings as well as in terms of what they do not comprise.