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Table 5 Results of rounds 3–5

From: Expert opinions on the authenticity of moulage in simulation: a Delphi study

Element R3 (%) R4 (%) R5 (%)
Colour 77 83 threshold met
Size 23 66 100 threshold met
Consistency 31 50 68
Position 85 threshold met
Depth 15 17 55
Shape 49 66 100 threshold met
The feel 62 67 44
Smell 46 41 33
Scale 54 59 67
Texture 31 59 55
Detail 85 threshold met
Sound 23 25 33
Likeness to real world 100 threshold met
Anatomically correct 93 threshold met
The moulage fits logically within the scenario 100 threshold met
The moulage is presented as a part of props/scene 84 threshold met
The moulage is at a sufficient level so as not to distract/confuse the participant 92 threshold met
Good facilitation can mitigate low realism 69 75 77
Simulation orientation can mitigate low realism 61 66 89 threshold met
The moulage is well-timed, where appropriate 92 threshold met
The moulage fits with the scenario 100 threshold met
The moulage makes use of all senses 76 66 78