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Table 3 The systematic ABCDEF approach to simulator briefing

From: How to include medical students in your healthcare simulation centre workforce

ABCDEFMannequinTreatment & Equipment
Airway• Airway management options
• Airway sounds and special effects
• Speak
• Blood, vomit or other Foreign Body Airway Obstruction
• Suction
• Head tilt
• Chin lift
• Jaw thrust
• Nasopharyngeal airway
• Oropharyngeal airway
• Oxygen devices
• Supraglottic airway devices
• Intubation
Breathing• Respiratory rate
• Chest sounds
• Auscultation
• Cyanosis
• Ventilation
• Inhalation
• Pulse oximetry
• Arterial blood gas
• CO2 monitoring
Circulation• Pulse
• Blood pressure
• Capillary refill time
• Diuresis
• Lack of colours and temperature change
• Peripheral venous access
• Central venous access
• Intraosseous access
• Fluids/blood transfusion
• Blood samples
• ECG
• Urinary catheter
Disability• Level of Consciousness AVPU/GCS
• Pupils
• Blood glucose
Exposure/Environment• Uncover patient
• Signs of bleeding
• Rash
• Edema
• Temperature
• Vomiting
• Thermometer
• Bandages
Further• Drugs (administration constraints)• Phone/pagers
• White coats
• Camera (if used, and information about confidentiality)
• Facilitator (placement)
• Operator (placement/function)
• Other equipment (defibrillator, ultrasound, ventilator etc. if used in scenario)
• Other resources (call for other specialties, X-ray, OR, Resuscitation team etc.)
• Documents (patient charts, Early Warning Score sheets etc)