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Table 3 Results of self-assessment of learning the clinical reasoning process between groups

From: Assessing validity evidence for a serious game dedicated to patient clinical deterioration and communication

I learned: 1 (not at all) to 5 (very much) Group S
n = 24
Group R
n = 25
Group E n = 21 p
To collect information Collect information by interviewing patient 4 ± 0.6 4.2 ± 0.7 4 ± 0.8 0.57
Collect information by observing patient 3.7 ± 0.7 4.1 ± 0.7 3.9 ± 0.9 0.24
Collect information from measurable patient data 3.9 ± 0.8 4.2 ± 0.7 4 ± 0.8 0.45
To process information Analyse data to reach an understanding of signs or symptoms 4.1 ± 0.7 4.0 ± 0.7 3.9 ± 0.7 0.69
Distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information 3.7 ± 0.8 3.7 ± 0.7 3.8 ± 0.8 0.96
To identify problems/issues Make nursing diagnoses 3.8 ± 0.8 4 ± 0.8 3.7 ± 0.8 0.61
Take decisions on patient care independently 3.4 ± 0.9 3.9 ± 0.6 3.7 ± 0.9 0.17
Take decisions on patient care in cooperation with other students 2.6 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 0.9 0.01£
Take decisions on patient care promptly 3.5 ± 0.8 3.72 ± 0.8 3.9 ± 0.9 0.27
To establish goals Prioritise patient’s needs for care 3.4 ± 1.1 3.9 ± 0.7 3.7 ± 1.0 0.21
Set goals 3.3 ± 0.8 3.9 ± 0.6 3.5 ± 1.0 0.02£
Plan nursing interventions 3.7 ± 0.9 3.9 ± 0.7 3.5 ± 0.9 0.23
To take action Implement nursing interventions 3.8 ± 1.0 4.0 ± 0.8 3.5 ± 1.1 0.35
To evaluate outcomes Evaluate the effectiveness of interventions 3.5 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 0.8 3.4 ± 1.1 0.69
Total score (/70) 50.8 ± 6.4 54.8 ± 6.4 52.2 ± 9.5 0.17
  1. Results are described by means ± SD and compared using ANOVA test (followed by post hoc comparison when significant). One student was excluded for not answering the clinical reasoning self-questionnaire. The questionnaire, translated in French, describes the steps of clinical nursing reasoning as defined previously 23 24
  2. £Bonferroni criterion: alpha/14 = 0.0035 to be significative