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Table 1 Framework for enablers of psychological safety in healthcare adapted from O’Donovan et al. [7]

From: Taking simulation out of its “safe container”—exploring the bidirectional impacts of psychological safety and simulation in an emergency department

Individual Team Organizational
-Professional responsibility
-Individual differences
-Leader behavioural integrity
-Status, hierarchy, and inclusiveness
-Peer support
-Leader support
-Change oriented leadership
-Familiarity with leader
-Familiarity with team members
-Safety culture
-Continuous improvement culture
-Organizational support
-Familiarity across teams