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Fig. 4 | Advances in Simulation

Fig. 4

From: The effects of active (hot-seat) versus observer roles during simulation-based training on stress levels and non-technical performance: a randomized trial

Fig. 4

Salivary cortisol change in hot-seat versus observer groups during three SBT sessions. For hot-seat: SC was significantly elevated from baseline in all 3 sessions (t-tests, DF=51), with mean ΔSC (μg/dL) for sessions 1, 2 and 3 of 0.122 (t=3.39, p=0.001), 0.074 (t=2.04, p=0.047) and 0.085 (t=2.35, p=0.023), respectively

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