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Table 3 Emerged categories and themes of Nordic simulation studies

From: Status of Nordic research on simulation-based learning in healthcare: an integrative review

Technical skills (n = 9)
Categories Studies
 Resuscitation knowledge and skills Bjørshol et al. 2011 [42]
 Resuscitation knowledge and skills Creutzfeldt et al. 2012 [41]
 Pharmacist and health food clerk technical skills Hakoinen et al. 2014 [48]
 Knowledge and skills in nursing management Jansson et al. 2014 [46]
 Dose and methods of teaching resuscitation Jäntti et al. 2009 [44]
 Resuscitation performance and assessment of simulation method Mondrup et al. 2011 [40]
 Resuscitation knowledge and skills Naess et al. 2011 [43]
 Assessment of learning outcomes and learners’ feedback Silvennoinen et al. 2016 [45]
 Self-assessment of skills in emergency care Utsi et al. 2008 [47]
Non-technical skills (n = 9)
Categories Studies
 Communication skills assessment Aspegren et al. 2006 [49]
 Interprofessional communication and collaboration Dahl Pedersen et al. 2006 [56]
 Self-assessment of communication skills Gabrielsen et al. 2016 [50]
 Leadership and team skills in cardiac arrest Høyer et al. 2009 [51]
 Leadership skills in interprofessional teams Jacobsson et al. 2012 [53]
 Communication and quality management skills related to patients with chronic diseases Jensen et al. 2013 [54]
 Assessment tool for decision-making Lauri 1992 [52]
 Self-assessment on trauma team management know-how Rosqvist & Lauritsalo 2013 [55]
 Multiprofessional team training Østergaard et al. 2008 [35]
User experience (n = 9)
Categories Studies
 Participants’ perception of the simulation Ameur et al. 2003 [63]
 Participants’ experience of learning outcome from simulation Bondevik et al. 2006 [57]
 Participants’ experience on physical, psychosocial and organizational factors that affect the CSL learning environment Haraldseid et al. 2015 [37]
 Participants’ experience and self-assessment of three simulation modalities Koponen & Pyörälä 2014 [62]
 Participants’ experience with computer-based virtual simulation Mäkitie et al. 2008 [64]
 Participants’ experience on virtual patients Salminen et al. 2014 [58]
 Participants’ experience on resuscitation course Thesen et al. 2004 [59]
 Participants’ experience on teaching and learning on in-service training Toivanen et al. 2012 [61]
 Participants’ experience and self-assessment Wisborg et al. 2009 [36]
Educational aspects (n = 7)
Categories Studies
 Planning, preparing and conducting clinical simulations Jensen et al. 2015 [69]
 Simulation as a tool for enhancing reflection Lestander et al. 2016 [67]
 Pilot testing of a virtual reality simulation Mjelstad et al. 2007 [70]
 Assessing simulation teaching methods Poikela et al. 2015 [66]
 Issues and challenges with simulation implementation Reierson et al. 2015 [38]
 Curriculum development on interpersonal communication competences Saaranen et al. 2015 [68]
 Satisfaction with interprofessional team training Westfelt et al. 2010 [71]
Patient safety (n = 3)
Categories Studies
 Effects of intervention on mortality rate Fuhrmann et al. 2009 [73]
 Prevention of medication and systemic errors Dieckmann et al. 2014 [72]
 Development of a pedagogical design of patient safety curriculum Tella et al. 2015 [39]