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Table 3 Median (IQR) ratings and results of Friedman’s tests and post hoc comparisons for the assessment confidence parameters recorded pre-module 1, post-module 1, pre-module 2, and post-module 2 (n = 14) (where 1 = strongly disagree and 5 = strongly agree)

From: Simulated patient contributions to enhancing exercise physiology student clinical assessment skills

ItemModule 1Module 2Time main effectPost hoc contrasts
Pre (IQR)Post (IQR)Pre (IQR)Post (IQR)χ2PPre 1–post 2 PPre 1–post 1 PPre 2–post 2 P
Conduct an effective patient or parent interview (subjective examination)3.50 (3.00–4.00)4.00 (3.00–4.25)4.00 (3.00–4.00)4.00 (3.75–5.00)10.4810.015a0.007a0.034a0.034a
Identify clinical information sufficient to make a primary hypothesis about the underlying problem3.00 (3.00–4.00)4.00 (3.75–4.00)4.00 (3.00–4.25)4.00 (4.00–5.00)16.1610.001a0.004a0.007a0.035a
  1. aSignificant difference (P < .05)
  2. IQR indicates interquartile range (quartile 1–quartile 3)