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Table 1 Participants’ location and synchronicity according to simulation modality (in-person or distance) and simulation type (data in percentage)

From: The state of distance healthcare simulation during the COVID-19 pandemic: results of an international survey

Simulation type Participants In-person Distance simulation
Not separated Separated Synchronous with Interaction Synchronous without Interaction Asynchronous
Procedural simulation Active learners 47 27 21 3 2
Observing learners 25 30 31 6 7
Instructors 50 24 22 2 2
Simulation techs 49 36 11 2 3
Administrative staff 36 34 18 3 9
Clinical event-based or team-based simulation Active learners 45 18 33 2 2
Observing learners 23 28 41 5 3
Instructors 41 25 30 2 2
Simulation techs 43 37 15 3 3
Administrative staff 34 34 18 5 9
Simulation with simulated patients Active learners 26 11 56 4 2
Observing learners 16 18 55 9 2
Instructors 28 17 46 4 5
Simulation techs 31 27 34 7 1
Administrative staff 29 25 32 8 6
Simulated patients 26 15 53 3 3